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Emilio Aguinaldo Profile

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President of the Philippines – 1st – Term: 1898-1901
Born March 22, 1869 – Kawit, Cavite – Died: February 6, 1964
Emilio Aguinaldo
emilio_aguinaldo➢ Revolutionary General Emilio Famy Aguinaldo Sr. was a master military general, politician and was leader of the nation’s independence. He was the commander of the Magdalo faction of the KKK (Kataastaasan, Kagalanggalang na Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan). Aguinaldo, a national hero, played the leading role during the Philippine Revolution against colonizer Spain and also in the Philippine-American War. His reputation was forever tarnished as to his indirect involvement in the premature death and murder of fellow heroes Supremo Andres Bonifacio and General Antonio Luna.
original photo credits: Wikimedia Commons
Politics:
  • 1st President of the Philippines (Officially)
  • President – Tejeros Convention
  • President – Republic of Biak-na-Bato
  • President – Philippine Dictatorial government
  • President – Philippine Revolutionary government
  • Cabeza de Barangay – Barrio Binakayan Cavite City
  • Municipal Governor – Captain – Cavite City
Famous For:
  • Independence of the Philippines from the Spaniards – June 12, 1898
  • Recognized officially as the First Philippine President
  • National Hero
  • War victories against the forces of Spain in Cavite
  • Prominent leader of the Magdalo faction of Katipunan
  • Malolos Constitution
  • Suspect in the murder of Andres Bonifacio and General Antonio Luna
Other Names:
  • Kapitan Miong or Heneral Miong
  • El Caudillo
  • Magdalo
Famous Battles:
  • Battle of Imus
  • Battle of Binakayan and Dalahican
  • Battle of Zapote Bridge
  • Battle of Perez Dasmariñas
  • Retreat to Montalban
  • Alapan Skirmish
Historical Timeline:
  • Aguinaldo’s Katipunan faction of Magdalo defeated and killed Brigadier General Ernesto de Aguirre in the Battle of Imus, together with his 3,000 strong spanish force on September 3, 1896.
  • On September 1896, Aguinaldo led Battle of Binakayan and Dalahican demoralized the defeated Spanish forces of Governor-General Ramon Blanco.
  • The Battle of Zapote Bridge (February 17, 1897) saw the annihilation of the Spanish force of 12,000 opposite Aguinaldo’s revolutionaries.
  • The revolutionaries under Aguinaldo were defeated badly in the decisive Battle of Perez Dasmariñas where the Spanish launched the Cavite Offensive with 23,000 Cazadores (began February 15, 1897).
  • The farce Tejeros Convention on March 22, 1897 saw Aguinaldo declared President. In disagreement, Bonifacio set to void the results of the supposedly rigged voting. Andres Bonifacio with brother Procopio were subsequently arrested and later ordered summarily executed by firing squad on the 10th of May 1897. Historical records show however that Bonifacio was hacked to death (murdered) while he lay injured in a hammock by Aguinaldo’s men. The reason for the execution was the drummed-up charge of Caviteño Severino de las Alas who alleged Bonifacio tried to set ablaze the Indang Church and stole some carabaos. The place in question was then under the control of the Magdiwang faction of the Katipunan
  • Aguinaldo’s forces strategically retreated to Montalban in late May 1897.
  • December 14-15, 1897 saw Emilio signing the Pact of Biak-na-Bato with the Spaniards and exiled himself to Hong Kong to manage the Revolutionary Government remotely. The hostilities were discontinued and Aguinaldo was granted amnesty in exchange for ₱800,000 Mexican Pesos.
  • On May 19, 1898, Aguinaldo returned to the Philippines from Hong Kong aboard USS McCulloch after an agreement with United States Commodore George Dewey.
  • Hoisted the Philippine Flag on May 28, 1898 at the Teatro Caviteño in Cavite Nuevo (presently Cavite City) after capturing a small spanish garrison in Alapan, Imus Cavite.
  • Issued the Philippine Declaration of Independence from Spain on June 12, 1898. On June 19, he established the Philippine Dictatorial Government. Five days later on June 23, he changed it to a Revolutionary Government.
  • Established the First Philippine Republic with the proclamation of the Malolos Constitution in January 21, 1899.
  • On June 5, 1899, the murder of General Antonio Luna was carried out by Captain Pedro Janolino and the Kawit Battalion with Minister Felipe Buencamino present at the scene. These men were under the personal command of Aguinaldo himself. History tells us that it was also Aguinaldo who signed the letter inviting Luna to the fatal meeting in Nueva Ecija. Curiously, Luna had history with Janolino whom he dismissed from military service due to insubordination, and also of Buencamino whom he previously accused of treason.
  • After successive defeats, Aguinaldo declared the dissolution of the revolutionary army and issued the beginning of Guerilla Warfare against the Americans on December 13, 1899. The loss of General Luna further highlighted Aguinaldo’s inabilty to win a battle against the Americans in the war.
  • Captured and arrested by the Americans in Palanan, Isabela on March 23, 1901 with the help of the Macabebe Scouts.
  • Made an Oath of Alllegiance to the United States in April 19, 1901 in recognition of the sovereignity of the United States of America over the Philippine Islands. This declaration officilally ended the First Philippine Republic.
  • Ran for President in 1935 but lost via landslide to Manuel L. Quezon, 2nd President in Philippines history.
  • Collaborated with the Japanese against the Americans, jailed in 1945 and was released through presidential amnesty some months later.
  • Died of Coronary Thrombosis aged 94 on February 6, 1964.
Favorite Food:
  • Saumon Hollandaise
  • Nilagang Manok na Puti
  • Sardines Aux Tomates
  • Voi au vent ala Financiare

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